Royal Palace is situated at the top of Castle Hill in the charming Castle District of Buda. It was first inhabited by King Bela in the 13th century, who turned it into a fortified stronghold against further attack, after the Mongol invasion. Over the next 700 years, it was the residence of many royal figures.
The castle has a mixture of architectural styles, ranging from Gothic to Baroque. Today it is the most important cultural centre in the country, housing numerous museums and the majority of the buildings are historical monuments. The Budapest Museum contains an exhibition explaining the history of the city as well as archaeological remains of the palace. Also within the palace complex are the Hungarian National Gallery, the National Library and the Ludwig Museum.
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